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英语六级临场技巧:听力对话题解题原则

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    关于英语六级短对话
  除了和英语四级相同的一些视听反向原则(即听到的单词和短语要慎选)和同义词替换原则(即准确答案经常是原文的同义词语的替换)之外,六级的小对话在出题方向上出现过一些明显的特点,总结如下:
  教授要求严格:例如布置作业很多、考试不容易过,上课要求准时、讲座难度高等等;
  2002年6月 第9题:
  M: Erh-erh… Looks like I‘m going to be a little late for class. I hope Pro. Clark doesn’t start on time today.
  W: Are you kidding? You can set your watch by the time he starts his class.
  Q: What can be inferred about Pro. Clark?
  A) He wants his students to be on time for class.
  B) He doesn‘t allow his students to tell jokes in class.
  C) He is always punctual for his class.
  D) He rarely notices which students are late.
  解析:男生说:可能我得迟到一会儿了,我希望Clark教授今天没有准点开课。女生回答:开玩笑吧,他每次开始上课(时间都很准,以至于)你都可以对你的表。因此答案选C.
  2003年1月 第6题
  W: Professor Smith, I really need the credits to graduate this summer.
  M: Here at this school the credits are earned, not given.
  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
  A) The man thinks the woman can earn the credits.
  B) The woman is begging the man to let her pass the exam.
  C) The woman has to attend a summer course to graduate.
  D) The woman is going to graduate from summer school.
  解析:女生说:教授,我需要这些学分才能暑假顺利毕业。教授回答:这个学校的学分是挣来的而不是给的。因此答案选B.
  另外:作业总是很重的负担,需要了解的是,作业包括各种各样的assignment 、homework 以及reading list。
  2003年6月 第8题
  M: Mr. Smith, our history professor, announced we would be doing two papers and three exams this semester. I wonder how I’m going to pull through when two other courses have similar requirements.
  W: Well, can‘t you drop one course and pick it up next semester?
  Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
  A) Do the assignments towards the end of the semester.
  B) Quit the history course and choose another one instead.
  C) Drop one course and do it next semester.
  D) Take courses with a lighter workload.
  解析:男生抱怨道我们的历史老师Smith宣称这个学期我们要搞定两份论文三次考试。可是别的课程也有类似的要求,我都不知道我该怎么去应付了。女生建议道那你为什么不退一门课呢?下学期再选也不迟啊。因此答案选C。
  预订难以成功:房间、交通或演出的票、商品等都很难订到或买到。
  M: I wonder whether it would be possible to change this double room to two single rooms.
  W: Sorry, sir. All the single rooms are occupied. But if you like, I can check with Imperial Hotel to see if they have any.
  Q: What’s the woman going to do for the man?
  A) Let him move to a room with two single beds.
  B) Check to see if there are any vacancies in her hotel.
  C) Try to help him find rooms in another hotel.
  D) Show him the way to Imperial Hotel.
  解析:中男生说:我不知道能不能把这个双人间换成两个单人间。女生回答:对不起先生,所有的单人间都订满了。如果你想要的话,我可以给你查查帝国饭店看看它们有没有。因此答案选C。
  Q22. What is the man’s chief responsibility in the Green Peace organization?
  Q23. What has Green Peace been involved in recently?
  Q24. How does Green Peace try to stop people from dumping nuclear waste?
  Q25. What is the woman‘s attitude towards the Green Peace’s campaigns?
  Keys: ABAD
  解析:做题的时候一定要和短文一样对题目的出题位置有明确的把握,位置感很重要。一般而言,对话时,开头的客套以及问候与结尾的道别结束语很少出题,而对话中段往往才是重点。另外,本段长对话使用到了视听基本一致的原则。24题的考法是长对话中最典型的一种,就是针对动作行为进行发问,考点在于考生需要听明白人物发出的动作是什么,原文的动词harass和选项的harass是一摸一样,属于最简单的考法,而且原文重复两次,因此考生对此即便是不知道 harass是什么意思也能选对。25题的考法是一贯的长对话结尾题,往往以态度判断和结论作为考察对象,此题选项均为态度词,很容易判断,另外,注意到选项呈现“三负一正”的格局,因此答案是显然的。本段长对话的几个特色词汇也需要注意:harass指“骚扰”,绿色和平组织采取“和平骚扰”的方式,影响那些倾倒核废料(dumping nuclear waste)的人们,而没有采取诉诸武力(resorting force)的方式。


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